Guided Reading

This list was compiled by Christine Fankell, Elementary Literacy Facilitator, Livonia Public Schools, MI

Essential Guided Reading Strategies

Create a guided reading group meeting schedule. Vary the frequency that you plan to meet with each group. Meet more frequently with struggling readers and less frequently with proficient readers.

  • Use a timer to keep your guided reading lessons to 20 minutes. In Next Step Guided Reading, Jan Richardson suggests the length of each part of the lesson. You can also time the individual parts of the lesson to get a feel for the recommended pace of the guided reading lesson.
  • Work with short texts. The text that you use should be something that can be read in one or two guided reading activities.
  • Have all the materials you will need for the guided reading lesson organized and ready so you don’t need to search for things once the lesson is underway. There are suggestions for organizing materials on Jan Richardson’s website and in Spaces and Places (Diller).
  • Consider what you can prep beforehand to save precious minutes during the lesson. For example, you might consider tabbing the student text to mark spots where the students should stop and write about their thinking.
  • With a larger class, you may also have to increase the size of your guided reading groups. Ideally, you would want your groups to have no more than six students. With larger class sizes, this maximum may be increased to 8 for students reading on and above grade level. Keep your below-level groups at six or fewer.
  • Try to limit the total number of guided reading groups to no more than five. Remember that you can form groups of students reading a few levels apart. For example, you might have an M/N guided reading group with a standard instructional need. For upper grades, you might work with students reading at levels S, T, and U because they all need to work on summarizing.
  • Where it makes sense, thread the teaching point from your reading workshop mini-lesson into your guided reading work. This will allow you to provide additional scaffolded support for students who need it.

What is a Guided Reading Level?

A guided reading level refers to a system used to determine students’ reading proficiency. It involves assessing their reading abilities and assigning them a level that matches their skills. This allows teachers to tailor instruction and provide appropriate reading materials to support students’ individual growth and development.